Slats: How Do They Work in Construction?

by Joost Nusselder | Updated on:  June 21, 2022
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Slats are a series of bars made of wood or metal. They’re often found in beds, but also in other furniture like sofas and chairs. They’re used to provide support and to distribute weight evenly. They’re also used to provide air flow and to create a distinctive visual texture.

Let’s look at everything they’re used for and how they work. Plus, I’ll throw in some funny jokes so you don’t fall asleep!

What are slats

Slats in Construction: A Flexible and Stylish Element

Slats are narrow, evenly spaced pieces of wood that are commonly found in contemporary architecture. They are typically used as walls, allowing light and air to pass through, while also providing a distinctive visual texture. Slats can be constructed from a variety of materials, but wood is the most popular choice due to its natural beauty and strength.

What is the role of slats in construction?

Slats play a great role in creating a stable and strong structure. They are ideal for constructing frames, foundations, and even bunk beds. Slats are also commonly used in furniture, such as bed frames, to provide a base for the mattress and distribute the weight evenly. In interior design, slatted walls offer a unique and interesting feature that can be used to divide spaces or provide a decorative element.

What are the benefits of using slats in construction?

Using slats in construction offers a range of benefits, including:

  • Proper weight distribution: Slats distribute weight evenly, making them ideal for use in furniture and bed frames.
  • Maximum air flow: The spacing between slats allows for maximum air flow, making them ideal for use in hot and humid climates.
  • Stability: Slats provide a stable base for other elements, such as springs or additional slats.
  • Design flexibility: Slats can be placed according to certain design needs, making them a versatile element in construction.
  • Distinctive visual texture: The parallel and spaced pieces of wood create a unique visual texture that can add interest to any design.

Everything You Need to Know About Bed Slats

Bed slats are a series of connected bars made from strong wood, such as pine or beech, that lie horizontally across the width of a bed frame. They work together with your mattress to provide support and distribute your body weight evenly. You can choose from two types of slats: solid slats or sprung slats.

Types of Bed Slats

There are two types of bed slats: solid slats and sprung slats.

  • Solid slats: These are made from a single piece of wood and are designed to be firm and supportive. They require fewer screws and are easier to install than sprung slats. They are a good choice for those who prefer a firmer mattress.
  • Sprung slats: These are made from a series of individual planks that are slightly wider apart and sit on top of a metal frame. They are designed to be more flexible and allow air to flow through the mattress, making them a good choice for hot sleepers. They are also a good choice for those who prefer a softer mattress.

Benefits of Using Bed Slats

  • They provide a foundation for your mattress: Bed slats sit directly on the bed frame and provide a foundation for your mattress to sit on.
  • They distribute weight evenly: Bed slats work together with your mattress to distribute your body weight evenly, which can help prevent damage to your mattress.
  • They provide support: Bed slats provide support for your mattress and help prevent it from sagging over time.
  • They allow air to flow: Bed slats allow air to flow through your mattress, which can help prevent mold and mildew from forming.
  • They are affordable: Bed slats are generally less expensive than traditional box springs or foundations.

How to Choose the Right Bed Slats

When choosing bed slats, keep the following in mind:

  • Size: Make sure the slats are the appropriate size for your bed frame.
  • Type: Choose between solid slats or sprung slats depending on your preference.
  • Spacing: Make sure the slats are spaced appropriately to avoid damage to your mattress.
  • Material: Choose a strong, lightweight wood such as pine or beech.
  • Design: Look for slats that are designed to distribute weight equally and provide support for your mattress.

Installing Bed Slats

Installing bed slats is easy and typically requires only a few screws. Simply place the slats on the bed frame and screw them in place. Make sure they are evenly spaced and sit flush with the bed frame.


Slats are a great way to add support to your bed. They can also add a unique visual texture to your space. 

You should always use slats that are the right size for your bed frame and made of strong wood like pine or beech. And don’t forget to use the right type of slats for your mattress type. So, don’t be afraid to experiment with slats!

I'm Joost Nusselder, the founder of Tools Doctor, content marketer, and dad. I love trying out new equipment, and together with my team I've been creating in-depth blog articles since 2016 to help loyal readers with tools & crafting tips.