Wall paint: the types discussed IN FULL

by Joost Nusselder | Updated on:  June 15, 2022
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Wall paint is a type of paint specifically made for application on walls, either on concrete itself after applying a primer, or on non-woven wall paper.

  • Smudge-resistant wall paint: a mixture of lime and water, previously widely used.
  • Latex wall paint: an emulsion with the sap of a rubber tree from Brazil. Latex is less porous and can be removed: application for walls and ceilings
  • Acrylatex wall paint: a latex with a different composition. The advantages are: you can clean the wall or ceiling well afterwards. Easy to use.
  • Vinyl latex wall paint: a latex that has been specially developed for wet areas such as a bathroom. Easily removable.
  • Synthetic wall paint: a wall paint for surfaces where, for example, fungi can get through. By applying this wall paint you keep the fungi away.
What is wall paint

Choosing the Right Wall Paint Finish: What You Need to Know

When it comes to choosing the right wall paint, the finish is just as important as the color. The finish refers to the sheen or gloss level of the paint and can greatly affect the overall look and feel of a room. Here are the most common types of wall paint finishes:

  • Matte: This finish is completely flat and has no shine. It’s great for hiding imperfections on walls and ceilings, but it can be difficult to clean.
  • Eggshell: This finish has a slight sheen and is more durable than matte. It’s a popular choice for living rooms and bedrooms.
  • Satin: This finish has a higher sheen and is more durable than eggshell. It’s a good choice for high-traffic areas like hallways and kitchens.
  • Semi-gloss: This finish is shiny and highly durable. It’s commonly used for trim, doors, and cabinets.
  • Gloss: This finish is extremely shiny and reflective. It’s not commonly used on walls, but it can be a nice choice for accent walls or special design features.

Preparing Your Walls for the Perfect Finish

No matter what type of finish you choose, careful preparation is essential for achieving the perfect look. Here are some tips to keep in mind:

  • Clean your walls thoroughly before painting to remove any dirt, dust, or grease.
  • Fill in any holes or cracks with spackle and sand them down until they’re smooth.
  • Use painter’s tape to protect trim and other areas you don’t want to paint.
  • Prime your walls before painting to ensure the best possible coverage and adhesion.

Getting Expert Advice on Wall Paint Finishes

If you’re not sure which wall paint finish is right for your needs, it’s always a good idea to consult an expert. Many paint stores offer free consultations with design experts who can help you choose the perfect finish for your space. Additionally, be sure to check the manufacturer’s information on the paint can or website to learn more about the specific finish you’re considering.

Painting a Wall: A Simple Series of Essential Steps

Before you begin painting your wall, it’s important to inspect the entire surface for any holes, marks, or patched areas that need to be repaired. Use spackling paste to fill any holes and sand the surface to smooth out any rough patches. Clean the wall with a dust and grease cleaner to ensure that the paint will adhere properly. Once the wall is prepped, protect any areas that you don’t want to paint with tape or utility paper. Finally, stir the paint cans thoroughly to ensure that the ingredients are well mixed.

Applying Primer and First Coat

To begin painting, apply a coat of primer (here are the best ones) to the wall. This will help the paint adhere better and also seal any stains or marks on the wall. Once the primer has dried, apply the first coat of paint in the center of the wall and work your way outwards. Use a large brush or roller to cover the wall evenly and smoothly. Check for any missed spots or areas that need a second coat.

Building Up the Color

After the first coat has dried, apply a second coat of paint to build up the color and ensure that the wall is evenly covered. Check for any marks or patched areas that need to be repaired and fill them in as needed. Use a smooth, even stroke when applying the paint to avoid any streaks or uneven spots. Allow the paint to dry completely before applying any additional coats.

Sealing and Finishing

Once the final coat of paint has dried, inspect the wall for any missed spots or areas that need touch-ups. Use a small brush to fill in any marks or patched areas. Finally, seal the paint with a clear coat or sealer to protect it from damage and ensure that it lasts for years to come. Step back and admire your newly painted wall, and enjoy the refreshed look it brings to your space!

When it comes to painting your walls, there are several types of paint to choose from. Here are some of the most common:

  • Matte: This type of paint has a flat finish and is great for hiding imperfections on your walls. However, it can be difficult to clean and may not be the best choice for high-traffic areas.
  • Eggshell: This paint has a slight sheen and is more durable than matte paint. It’s a good choice for living rooms, bedrooms, and other areas where you want a soft, subtle finish.
  • Satin: With a slightly higher sheen than eggshell, satin paint is a good choice for bathrooms and kitchens, as it’s easier to clean and more resistant to moisture.
  • Semi-gloss: This paint has a shiny finish and is very durable, making it a good choice for trim, doors, and other areas that get a lot of wear and tear.
  • Gloss: The shiniest of all wall paints, gloss paint is great for creating a dramatic look. However, it can be difficult to apply and may show imperfections on your walls.

Trending Color Palettes for Your Walls

When it comes to wall paint, the trending color palettes for 2023 are all about creating a warm and rich ambiance. The goal is to deliver a comforting and natural feel to your interiors. The power of color is incredible; it can change the way a room feels and looks. The right color palette can add depth, warmth, and personality to your space. Here are some of the best trending colors for your walls:

  • Palladian Blue by Benjamin Moore
  • Cabbage White by Farrow & Ball
  • Varying shades of greens
  • Navy blue
  • Subtle earth tones

The Ability to Adjust and Add

Neutral shades are still the foundation of most color palettes, but instead of seeing whites, beiges, tans, and grays with cooler undertones, we are now seeing warmer neutrals. Homeowners can adjust furniture, accessories, or accent walls without a full makeover. The beauty of these trending colors is their ability to add depth and warmth to any room. You can easily start the process of making your room feel new and perfect by testing a patch of paint on your wall. Here are some of the best trending colors for your walls:

  • Sand Dollar by Florida Elisa Baran Tréan
  • Bold earth tones
  • Warm whites
  • Rich grays

The Designer Collection

Designers are continuing to bring adventurous and bold colors to their collections. The recent trend is to add a pop of color to a room with a bold shade. The best way to do this is by adding a feature wall or painting the inside of a bookshelf. Here are some of the best trending colors for your walls:

  • Hague Blue by Farrow & Ball
  • Rich greens
  • Warm earth tones
  • Subtle shades of pink

The Best Colors for Your Office

If you’re looking to save money and time, the best colors for your office are natural and neutral. These colors are perfect for creating a calming and relaxing atmosphere. Here are some of the best trending colors for your walls:

  • White Dove by Benjamin Moore
  • Rich grays
  • Warm earth tones
  • Subtle shades of blue

The Classic Color Scheme

If you’re looking for a classic color scheme, you can’t go wrong with a subtle shade of gray. Gray is a timeless color that can be used in any room of the house. It’s perfect for creating a calming and relaxing atmosphere. Here are some of the best trending colors for your walls:

  • Stonington Gray by Benjamin Moore
  • Rich grays
  • Warm earth tones
  • Subtle shades of blue

Inside or Outside: Which Wall Paint to Choose?

When it comes to painting the walls inside your home, you need a paint that is formulated for specific purposes. Interior paint is made to be scrubbed, resist staining, and allow cleaning. Here are some things to consider when choosing interior paint:

  • Additives: Interior paint contains additives that make it resistant to mildew and mold growth, which is important in areas with high humidity.
  • Thinner: Interior paint is thinner than exterior paint, which makes it easier to apply and allows for better coverage.
  • Coats: Interior paint typically requires fewer coats than exterior paint, which can save you time and money.
  • Surfaces: Interior paint is formulated to adhere to a variety of surfaces, including drywall, plaster, and wood.

Exterior Paint: Hybrid Formulation for Maximum Protection

Exterior paints are formulated to combat against fading, mildew, and other weather-related damage. Here are some things to consider when choosing exterior paint:

  • Hybrid Formulation: Exterior paint is a hybrid formulation that combines the best qualities of traditional oil-based and water-based paints.
  • Protection: Exterior paint is formulated to provide maximum protection against the elements, including UV rays, moisture, and temperature changes.
  • Durability: Exterior paint is designed to be more durable than interior paint, with a thicker consistency and stronger adhesion.
  • Coats: Exterior paint typically requires more coats than interior paint, but the extra time and effort are worth it for the added protection.
  • Surfaces: Exterior paint is formulated to adhere to a variety of surfaces, including wood, stucco, brick, and metal.


So there you have it- everything you need to know about wall paint. It’s not as simple as you might think, but now you know the ins and outs, you’re ready to get painting! Just make sure you prep your walls properly first. So go on, get to it! You can do it!

I'm Joost Nusselder, the founder of Tools Doctor, content marketer, and dad. I love trying out new equipment, and together with my team I've been creating in-depth blog articles since 2016 to help loyal readers with tools & crafting tips.