Bed bugs: what are they and how to get rid of them

by Joost | Updated on:  October 4, 2020

How to get rid of bed bugs

Different Types of Bed Bugs

Disgusting, full of decay, and surrounding us when we sleep. There was a reason that our parents warned us about not letting the bed bugs bite!

The act of dealing with and seeing bed bugs is a frustrating one. When you find out you have been dealing with these little critters, it will make dealing with your bed so much harder in the future.

To help you avoid that mistake, we recommend that you take the time to look at what kind of bed bugs exist; and how to cope with them.

What are Bed Bugs?

Far from a folk tale, bed bugs are true insects. They are commonly misconceived as Arachnids, such as dust mites and ticks. If only!


Belonging to the family Cimicidae, bedbugs are blood sucking insects that primarily feed on humans and other warm-blooded animals. The bed bugs biting really is a thing, after all!

The species garnered its name bed bug from its common practice of infesting homes and especially the sleeping areas of humans. The bed itself is the perfect location for them to fester, for reasons we’ll go into below.

They usually attack at night, but are not exclusively nocturnal. While seeing them in the day is rare, if you do it will make you want to burn your bed down!


Adult ‘bed bugs’ are wingless, oval shaped and a reddish-brown in color. While the young are translucent to begin with, making them hard to see, they become darker in shade as they reach maturity.

They communicate with each other by utilizing kairomones and pheromones to identify locations of feeding zones, which leads to reproduction and nesting. Sadly, one of the best places they love to reside is inside our beds.


There are different kinds of bed bugs. However, they all look mostly the same. Telling them apart can be quite tough, actually. The main difference is that all are found on beds, despite the name.

Some major types are:

Poultry Bugs 

Poultry bugs, also known as Haematosiphon inodorus, is a specific and commonly found type of bed bug. These are commonly found in crevices of fences, farmhouse structures and pens. They primarily feed on the blood of chicken and other types of domestic fowl hence their name. But, humans may also be bitten by these insects if they spend too much time in the poultry, especially at night time when these insects get most active.

If you are someone who owns poultry, watch out for these little monsters at night; their bites can sting.

Chimney and Swallow Swift Bugs

These insects normally feed on the birds from which they have received their names. Since they are found in the nests of swallows and chimney swifts, they are most commonly found in areas where these birds settle. If you aren’t around birds on a regular basis, then it’s unlikely that you’ll ever come across this type of bug.

Common Bed Bugs 

Cimex lectularius is the most common type of bed bugs, and are found all over the world. This includes most homes in U.S cities like Baltimore and Catonsville – they are more or less global. Although they are commonly found in temperate climates, these insects are found everywhere in the world.

Their universal ability to survive regardless of conditions make them really stand out.

Cimex lectularius name is commonly used to signify these bugs because these insects have a habit of hiding in crevices of soft surfaces. This makes them perfect targets for resting in places like bed linen and mattresses – hence how they become bed bugs!

Bed bugs mainly feed on human blood, but they may even feed on blood of other animals. These insects have a life span of 4-6 months and the female lays approximately 500 eggs in her lifetime. With such rapid productivity, you can see how they come to be in such massive volumes and numbers.

Bed bugs are a constant reminder to unlucky homes that sometimes we are not alone in our homes. Dealing with them is an irritant, and is usually best dealt with by using the right kind of cleaning agents to help remove as much opportunity for bed bugs to be attracted and fester as possible.

Although the number of infestations has drastically been reduced over the past few decades, it is careful not to forget these insects.

Remember to be wary of little bumps you might find on your body and always keep up a clean sleeping area. The cleaner your bed is, the less chance that they will be attracted to it. Regularly vacuum up and clean, and change the sheets as often as you can.

Sleep tight, and don’t let the bed bugs bite!

Vacuuming to Get Rid of Bed Bugs Infestation


What’s Living in Your Mattress?


Vacuuming is very important to minimize or get rid bed bugs inside your mattress especially if you spot possible signs of bed bugs already. Vacuuming is not 100% effective; however, it still helps to capture this annoying pest. There are many important tips that you must follow to ensure you capture this annoying pest and don’t spread the infestation.

Vacuuming is indeed very important in keeping your home, especially your bed or mattress, free from annoying bed bugs. This will help you have a comfortable and safe place to live in.