21 Construction Tools You Should Have

by Joost Nusselder | Updated on:  March 28, 2022
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A construction job relies heavily on using a lot of equipment and tools. Many tools are used to build infrastructure. Different tools have different uses that come in handy to complete different tasks or tackle many difficulties.

The word construction implies the process of constructing an infrastructure. It requires collaboration and proper guidance. Correct planning should be done for the construction to be successful. Without proper planning, the project is sure to fail.

Construction projects can be risky or even life-threatening if you are not equipped with proper tools. Thus, you should invest in getting the right gear and equipment. They are almost always a worthy purchase if you are serious about your job.


Each construction tools have different uses. Therefore, it can be quite difficult to know what to go for when purchasing tools. To help you out with this trouble, we have compiled a list of useful construction tools for you.

Essential Construction Tool List

There are many construction tools in the market. Some of the essential ones are-

1. Pencil

a simple pencil is actually one of the most important parts of any construction toolkit. You can mark out places to drill or points to measure the distance from with the help of pencils. Using a pencil instead of a marker is more beneficial as the pencil can be wiped out easier.


2. Screwdriver

screwdriver is a really handy tool both in construction and home scenarios. They are used in almost everything, from tightening a simple screw to putting a furniture piece together. They come with two types of head, the flathead and Phillips head. The flathead screwdriver has a flat top while the Phillips head screwdriver has a plus-shape top.


3. Claw Hammer

Hammers are some of the most used tools in a construction site or even at home. They are used to smash objects, push in nails, demolition, etc. With a claw hammer, it can serve two functions. The other end can be used to pull off nails and function like a small crowbar.


4. Measuring Tape

Measuring tape is an important tool. It is used to accurately measure length. It is often used to measure the distance between two points and whatnot. The measuring tape is a must-have for any engineer and construction worker. Without proper planning, a construction project is sure to fail. A measuring tape is an important tool when it comes to proper planning.


5. Utility Knife

The utility knife is a vital element of a toolbox. They are safe to use. Their blade is tucked inside, which means it cannot injure you or cause any damage accidentally. It is handy as it can be used to cut anything in unexpected situations.


6. Hand Saw

Saws are just as essential as hammers for any construction worker. They are hand-held blades which are used to cut pieces of wood or other materials. These saws are made out of metal sheets having a sharp edge on one side and a smooth edge on the other side. The handle is made of wood.


7. Cordless Drill

A cordless drill is basically a screwdriver, but more efficient. They are used to drill holes or perform screwing. Being portable, they provide great utility. Since it is battery operated, it is recommended to keep backup batteries just in case the current battery dies out or is charging.


8. Power Drill

A power drill has a cord, which makes it different from a cordless drill. It requires a direct electric source. On the plus side, having a direct electric supply makes it more powerful as it can have greater output. There is also no worry about the battery going dead.


9. Extension Cord

An extension cord is always a good way to go. Using corded power tools and equipment in construction requires direct wall sockets to power them up. If one is out of reach, an extension cord can close in the gap. Therefore, having an extension cord in the toolkit is a good safety measure.


10. Crowbar

Despite what you may think, a simple crowbar is actually a really helpful tool during construction. It is a metal bar with a tapered end. Crowbars are used to open crates. They can also be used to destroy wooden surfaces, pry out nails, etc.


11. Laser Level

A laser level is a tool used to measure the distance between two objects. This instrument is really handy for planning and mapping things out. Therefore, they are often used by construction workers and engineers.


12. Step Ladder

In any construction site, you need to have a ladder. A step ladder is basically a ladder which is safer to use and offers some additional help to a contractor. It helps the user to gain the extra height required to complete a task. Therefore, it is used by almost all construction workers.


13. Combination Pliers

Combination pliers are an essential element for any contractors’ toolkit. It is quite similar to a basic set of pliers in how it functions. This tool serves two functions, one is to cut wires, and the other is to hold wires in place while you work.


14. Sanders

Sanding is the process of smoothening out a surface, and a sander is what achieves this task. It gives the surface a defined and finished look. There are clamps to swap the sandpapers. You can work your way down from coarse grit to a fine grit so that marks are not left out.


15. Nail Gun

Nail guns are extremely handy tools to have in a construction site as well as any household. As the name implies, they are used to fire nails into a surface so that you do not have to tire your hands by pounding every single one. Many nails can be stuck in a short time thanks to a nail gun.


16. Impact Driver

The impact driver is a drill that operates on the basis of hammer action. Their main objective is to loosen up or unscrew frozen or corroded screws. They can also be used as an alternative to drills. Usually, they are more suited towards heavier work as opposed to a basic drill.


17. Adjustable Wrench

A wrench is a really common tool. It is used in household chores, plumbing, and construction sites. The adjustable wrench is quite similar but comes with width adjustment options to allow the tightening of the teeth. It might be bulky and awkward to use for a beginner; however, their versatility makes them an essential element to any workers’ toolbox.


18. Wood Chisels

Wood chisels are flat instruments made of metal. They are used to chip out pieces of wood or clean joints. There are a few different sizes available on the market, and having different sized wood chisels in a construction workers toolkit is always nice.


19. Oscillating Multi-Tool

The oscillating multi-tool serves many different purposes, making it one of the handiest tools in a construction site. Some uses of the oscillating multi-tool are removing grout, window repair, wood floor installation, preparing wood for painting, sanding, drywall cutouts, caulk removal, making different cuts, and thin-set removal.


20. Angle Grinder

This tool is used for polishing and refining surfaces. They have a metal disk that spins around at a high velocity, which is used to cut off excess materials from a metallic surface. Angle grinders can feature three types of power sources; electricity, gasoline, or compressed air.


21. Electric Tester

Finally, we have an electric tester. As the name suggests, it is used to test electric conductivity in a wall outlet or power socket. They somewhat resemble a flathead screwdriver. However, when inserted into a power outlet, their end lights up, indicating that the outlet has power. Furthermore, you can even use them as a flathead screwdriver if you want.

These are some of the most essential tools you will need for construction works.


Final Thoughts

Construction projects can be laborious and risky. Without the proper tools and equipment, you only add to the risk rather than make things easier. You should also be aware of what each instrument does when choosing your gears. Having a good conception about most instruments will help you in the long run with any of your projects, no matter how big or small.

We hope you found our article on essential construction tools list helpful and can now decide on which tools you should get for your toolkit.

I'm Joost Nusselder, the founder of Tools Doctor, content marketer, and dad. I love trying out new equipment, and together with my team I've been creating in-depth blog articles since 2016 to help loyal readers with tools & crafting tips.